Surah Al-Falaq (chapter 113 of the Qur’an) was revealed in Makkah. The main themes of this Surah are:
a) Seeking refuge with Allah from all evils of the creation
b) Existence of black magic, witchcraft, evil-eye etc. and their remedy
SUMMARIZED INTERPRETATION OF SURAH AL-FALAQ:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
[In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.]
1) قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ
[Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah), the Lord of the daybreak,]
It is recommended to continuously seek refuge with Allah from the evils of the creation. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to seek refuge with Allah by reciting this Surah and Surah An-Naas (the next Surah). Abu Sa’eed, a companion of the Prophet said:
“The Messenger of Allah used to seek refuge from Jinn and the evil-eye until the Mu’awwidhatayn (Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas) were revealed. When they (these two Surahs) were revealed, he took to (reciting) them and abandoned (seeking refuge through) anything else.” [Narrated by At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah]
2) مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ
[From the evil of what He has created,]
This verse enjoins the believers to seek refuge with Allah from the evils of other human beings, Jinns, animals and the rest of the creation.
3) وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ
[And from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness,]
In this verse Allah admonishes the believers to seek refuge with Him from the evils that take place in the darkness of night, when many evil souls and harmful creatures disperse in the land.
4) وَمِن شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ
[And from the evil of those who practice witchcraft when they blow in the knots,]
In this verse Allah commands the believers to seek refuge with Him from all forms of black magic, witchcraft, evil-eye etc.
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was also affected by black magic in Madeenah on one occasion. ‘A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet said:
“The Prophet was affected by magic such that he thought he had done things he had not done (in his personal life; however, the magic spell did not have any effect on him beyond his personal life). This continued until one day, while in my presence, he supplicated and supplicated and then said, “’A’ishah, do you know that Allah has instructed me concerning the matter I asked Him?” I asked, “Messenger of Allah, what?” He replied, “Two (angels in the guise of) men came to me, one of them sat near my head and the other near my feet. One of them asked the other, ‘What has harmed this man?’ The other replied, ‘He is under the effect of magic.’ The first one asked, ‘Who was it that worked magic on him?’ The other replied, ‘Labid ibn al-`Asam, a Jew from the tribe of Banu Zurayq.’ The first one asked, ‘With what has it been done?’ The other replied, ‘With a comb and the hair stuck to it, and a skin of the pollen of a male date-palm tree.’ The first one asked, ‘Where is it?’ The other replied, ‘In the well of Dharwan.’” Then the Prophet went to the well with some of his companions and looked at it, surrounding the well there were date-palm trees. Then he returned to me and said, “By Allah! The water of that well was (red) as if infused with henna leaves, and its date palms were like the heads of devils.” I asked, “Messenger of Allah, did you remove those materials?” He replied, “No, as for me then Allah has cured me and I feared (that by letting the people know of it) I would spread its evil amongst them.” Then he ordered that the well be filled up with earth and that was done.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari]
Black magic is one of the well-established facts and it is mentioned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet. As for the Islamic legal status on practicing black magic, it is Haram (prohibited), and this makes one’s prayer unaccepted for forty days, and believing in what the magician or the sorcerer says renders one a Kafir (disbeliever).
Concerning the severity of believing in black magic, the Prophet said:
“Anyone who goes to a diviner, a practitioner of (black) magic or a soothsayer, asking something and believing in what he says, denies what was revealed to Muhammad.” [Narrated by Al-Bazzar, Abu Ya’la]
Concerning the evils of practicing black magic, the Prophet said:
“Whoever practices (black) magic is a Mushrik (polytheist).” [Narrated by At-Tabarani]
The magic spells can be dispelled by the power of the Qur’an, which has been sent down as a cure and mercy for the believers. To get rid of satanic whispers, black magic, witchcraft, evil-eye etc., a Muslim should be keen to read the authentic supplications particularly Ayat Al-Kursi (Al Qur’an 2:255) and Surat Al-Ikhlas, Al-Falaq and An-Naas (last three chapters of the Qur’an).
5) وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ
[And from the evil of the envier when he envies.”]
The envier is one who wishes to see the removal of the blessings he sees in the envied, and does his utmost to have them removed. Man is therefore in need of seeking refuge with Allah from his evil. [Tafsir As-Sa’di]